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Baby Sun Protection

Protecting Your Baby’s Skin: The Dos and Don’ts of Sun Exposure

Protecting Your Baby’s Skin: The Dos and Don’ts of Sun Exposure


Babies are adorable, but their skin is delicate and sensitive. So, it becomes essential for parents, guardians, or caregivers to protect their skin from the harmful effects of the sun. Most parents believe that exposing their baby to the sun is good for them, but the truth is quite different. Sun exposure can lead to various skin problems like sunburn, rashes, allergies, and skin damage that can last a lifetime. Therefore, it is essential to know the Dos and Don’ts of Sun Exposure for babies.

The Dos of Sun Exposure

  • Use a Broad-Spectrum Sunscreen: Broad-spectrum sunscreens are necessary, especially when your baby is exposed to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. Ensure the sunscreen’s SPF should be at least 30 and above, which will protect your baby’s skin from UVA and UVB rays. Apply sunscreen every two hours if your baby is exposed to the sun for a long time.
  • Keep Your Baby Hydrated: It is essential to keep your baby hydrated during sun exposure. Dehydration can cause various skin problems, like dryness, rashes, and heatstroke. Offer your baby enough fluids to keep them hydrated and healthy.
  • Choose Shade: When exposed to the sun, it is essential to choose shade instead of direct sunlight. Direct sunlight can lead to various skin problems. So, it is vital to keep your baby in the shade to protect their skin.
  • Dress Your Baby Appropriately: Dress your baby in lightweight, comfortable, yet protective clothing. Loose-fitting clothes with long sleeves and pants will help protect your baby’s skin from direct sunlight.
  • Choose Hats and Sunglasses: The sun’s rays can also harm your baby’s eyes and scalp, so choose a hat and sunglasses to protect them from direct sunlight. Ensure sunglasses should be 100% UV protection and a hat should have a brim that provides shade to the face and neck.

The Don’ts of Sun Exposure

  • Avoid Direct Sunlight Exposure: Exposing your baby to direct sunlight for a long time can lead to various skin problems like sunburn, rashes, and allergies. So avoid direct sunlight and choose appropriate shade for your baby.
  • Do not Use Sunscreen on Newborns: Experts advise against using sunscreen on newborns until they are six months old. Newborns’ skin is delicate, and sunscreen can cause various skin problems like rashes, allergies, and irritation. So it is vital to keep your newborns in the shade.
  • Avoid Sun Exposure During Peak Hours: Direct sunlight is harmful to your baby’s skin, especially during peak hours when the sun’s rays are strong. Always avoid sun exposure during peak hours, which is between 10 am to 4 pm.
  • Do not Use Old Sunscreen: Using old or expired sunscreen can cause various skin problems to your baby’s skin. Expired sunscreen loses its effectiveness as it ages, and its components change. So it is essential to use fresh and new sunscreen to protect your baby’s skin from the sun’s harmful rays.
  • Do Not Forget to Reapply Sunscreen: Sunscreens are not a one-time application solution. Reapply sunscreen to your baby every two hours or more frequently if your baby is sweating, swimming, or wiping it off.


In conclusion, protecting your baby’s skin from the sun is essential to avoid various skin problems and damage. Follow the Dos and Don’ts of Sun Exposure for babies to keep them healthy, hydrated, and safe from the harmful effects of the sun. Choose appropriate shade, lightweight protective clothing, sunglasses, hats, and broad-spectrum sunscreen to protect your baby’s delicate and sensitive skin.

Protecting Your Baby’s Skin: The Dos and Don’ts of Sun Exposure FAQ

Q: Why is it important to protect my baby’s skin from the sun?

A: Babies have delicate and sensitive skin that can easily get damaged from the harmful UV rays of the sun. Sunburns can cause pain and discomfort to your baby, and over time, repeated exposure to the sun can cause long-term damage and increase the risk of skin cancer.

Q: At what age can I start using sunscreen on my baby?

A: The American Academy of Dermatology recommends waiting until your baby is six months old before using sunscreen. Until then, it is important to keep your baby in shaded areas, use protective clothing, and avoid being in direct sunlight during peak hours from 10 AM to 4 PM.

Q: What should I look for in a baby sunscreen?

A: You should choose a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher that provides broad-spectrum protection against UVA and UVB rays. Look for a product that is specifically formulated for babies and is fragrance-free, hypoallergenic, and free of harsh chemicals such as PABA, oxybenzone, and parabens.

Q: How often should I apply sunscreen to my baby?

A: Apply sunscreen to your baby’s skin at least 30 minutes before going outside. Reapply every two hours or after swimming, sweating, or toweling off.

Q: What are some other ways to protect my baby’s skin from the sun?

A: In addition to using sunscreen, you can protect your baby’s skin from the sun by keeping them in shaded areas such as under a tree or umbrella, and dressing them in loose-fitting, lightweight clothing that covers their arms and legs. Broad-brimmed hats and sunglasses can also provide additional protection.

Q: Can I take my baby swimming in a pool or at the beach?

A: Yes, you can take your baby swimming, but make sure to use a waterproof or water-resistant sunscreen and reapply as needed. Avoid direct sunlight during peak hours and provide additional protection with swim shirts or rash guards. Rinse your baby off with fresh water after swimming to remove any sand, salt, or chlorine from their skin.

Q: How do I know if my baby has sunburn?

A: Sunburn can cause redness, swelling, and pain to your baby’s skin. In severe cases, blisters may also develop. If you notice any signs of sunburn, bring your baby indoors, give them a cool bath, and apply a soothing lotion or aloe vera gel. If the symptoms are severe, seek medical attention.

Q: What should I do if my baby gets overheated in the sun?

A: Overheating can be dangerous for babies and can lead to heat exhaustion or heatstroke. If you notice your baby is fussy, has a high fever, or is excessively sweating, move them to a cool, shaded area, remove any excess clothing, and give them fluids. If the symptoms do not improve, seek medical attention.

Q: Can I use bug repellent on my baby?

A: It is generally safe to use bug repellent on babies older than two months, but make sure to choose a product that is specifically formulated for infants and contains DEET at a concentration of 10% or less. Apply the repellent to your baby’s clothing and exposed skin but avoid the eyes, mouth, and hands. Wash your baby’s skin with soap and water once you are indoors.

Q: What should I do if my baby has an allergic reaction to sunscreen or bug repellent?

A: Allergic reactions to sunscreen or bug repellent can cause redness, swelling, itching, or hives on your baby’s skin. If you notice any signs of an allergic reaction, stop using the product immediately and wash your baby’s skin with soap and water. If the symptoms are severe, seek medical attention.

Q: What are some long-term effects of sun exposure on a baby’s skin?

A: Repeated exposure to the sun can cause long-term damage to your baby’s skin such as premature aging, sunspots, and an increased risk of skin cancer later in life. Protecting your baby’s skin from the sun early on can help reduce the risk of these long-term effects.

Q: Can I use an umbrella or a stroller shade to protect my baby from the sun?

A: Yes, using an umbrella or a stroller shade can provide additional protection for your baby from the sun. However, it is important to remember that these methods do not provide complete protection, and it is still essential to use sunscreen and protective clothing.

Q: What can I do if my baby is constantly rubbing off the sunscreen?

A: If your baby is constantly rubbing off the sunscreen, try using a physical sunblock that contains zinc oxide or titanium dioxide as these are less likely to rub off. Alternatively, dress your baby in protective clothing that covers their skin.

Baby Sun Protection Tips – Related Products

  • UPF Clothing

    UPF clothing is specially designed to protect against harmful UV rays. These clothes have a UPF rating, which stands for Ultraviolet Protection Factor and measures how much UV radiation can penetrate the fabric. UPF clothing is available in a variety of styles and materials, including swimwear, hats, and shirts.

  • Sunscreen

    Sunscreen is an essential part of any sun protection routine. When it comes to babies, it’s important to choose a sunscreen that is specifically formulated for their delicate skin. Look for a sunscreen with a high SPF (30 or higher) and one that is free from harsh chemicals. Apply sunscreen generously and reapply often, especially after swimming or sweating.

  • Sun Hat

    A sun hat is an easy way to protect your baby’s head, face, and neck from the sun’s rays. Look for a hat with a wide brim that provides shade all around, or choose one with a flap that covers the back of the neck. Hats made of lightweight, breathable materials like cotton or linen are best.

  • Sunglasses

    Just like adults, babies need to protect their eyes from the sun’s UV rays. Look for sunglasses with lenses that provide 100% UV protection and that fit your baby’s face comfortably. Strap-style sunglasses are a great option for babies who like to pull things off their face.

  • Stroller Sunshade

    If you’re planning on taking your baby for a walk in their stroller, consider adding a sunshade to your list of must-have accessories. A stroller sunshade will protect your baby from the sun’s rays while still allowing fresh air to circulate through the stroller.

  • Umbrella

    Umbrellas aren’t just for rain! A portable umbrella can provide much-needed shade when you’re out and about with your baby. Look for an umbrella that is lightweight and easy to carry, with a UV-protective coating to block out harmful rays.

  • Cooling Towel

    When it’s hot outside, a cooling towel can be a lifesaver. These towels are made from special materials that stay cool even when wet, providing a refreshing feeling against your baby’s skin. Use a cooling towel to dab your baby’s forehead or neck to help keep them cool and comfortable.

  • Shade Tent

    If you’re planning on spending a lot of time outdoors with your baby, consider investing in a shade tent. These tents are lightweight and easy to set up, providing a shady spot for your baby to rest, play, or eat. Most shade tents also have UV-protective coatings to block out harmful rays.

  • Baby Carrier with Sunshade

    A baby carrier with a built-in sunshade is a great option for parents who love to be active outdoors. Look for a carrier that has an adjustable sunshade that can be moved to block the sun from your baby’s face. Carriers with breathable materials and a comfortable fit are best.

Pros & Cons: Protecting Your Baby’s Skin from Sun Exposure


  • Prevent serious health risks: Protecting your baby’s delicate skin from sun damage can prevent serious health risks like skin cancer later in life.
  • Help regulate body temperature: Keeping your baby’s skin from getting too hot can help regulate their body temperature and prevent overheating.
  • Prevent painful sunburns: Avoiding sun exposure can prevent painful sunburns that can cause discomfort and distress for your baby.
  • Protect skin from premature aging: Sun damage can cause premature aging and wrinkles, which can be avoided by protecting your baby’s skin from the sun.
  • Reduce risk of eye damage: Protecting your baby’s eyes from the sun can reduce the risk of developing eye damage like cataracts and macular degeneration in the future.


  • Vitamin D deficiency: Limiting sun exposure can cause a vitamin D deficiency in your baby, which is essential for healthy bone growth.
  • Sensitivity to sunscreen: Some babies may have a sensitivity to sunscreen or other sun protection products, causing skin irritation or allergic reactions.
  • Difficulty regulating body temperature: Avoiding sun exposure may make it difficult for your baby to regulate their body temperature, causing discomfort in warmer weather.
  • Difficulty sleeping: Babies who are used to playing outdoors in the sun may have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep without that stimulation.
  • Limited outdoor activities: Limiting sun exposure may limit certain outdoor activities like swimming or playing at the beach.

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